Embassy of the Republic of Moldova
to the United States and Mexico
Washington Chisinau
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General information

Location

Eastern Europe, north-east of Romania

Geographic coordinates

45°28’ - 48°28’ N (350 km), 26°40’ - 30°06’ E (150 km)

Area

  • total: 33843 km2, 139th
  • land: 33371 km2
  • water: 472 km2 (main rivers: Danube, Nistru, Prut, Raut; main lakes: Beleu, Bic, Dracele))

Land boundaries

  • total: 1389 km
  • border countries: Romania — 450 km, Ukraine — 939 km
  • coastline: 200 m at the south extreme point (Giurgiulesti) with the delta of the Danube river

Land use

  • arable land: 53%
  • permanent crops: 14%
  • permanent pastures: 13%
  • forests and woodland: 9%
  • others: 11%

Extreme points

  • lowest point: Nistru River, -2 m
  • highest point: Dealul Bălăneşti, +430 m
  • north point: Naslavcea
  • south point: Giurgiulesti
  • west point: Criva
  • east point: Palanca

Climate

moderate winters (in January -4 -7 C°), warm summers (in July +25 +28 C°)

Terrain

Hilly steppes in the north & center (Codru), plain in the south (Bugeac Plain)

Natural resources

lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land

Population

  • 2008 estimate: 4,128,047
  • density: 121,9/km2

Main cities

  • Chişinău, 647 513 [2005]
  • Tiraspol, 159 163
  • Bălţi, 122 778 [2005]
  • Tighina, 97 027 [2004]
  • Rîbniţa, 53 648 [2004]

Religion

  • Eastern Orthodox Christians — 98%
  • Judaism — 1.5%
  • Baptism & others — 0.5%

Currency

Moldovan leu (MDL) = 100 bani

Time zone

  • EET (UTC+2)
  • summer — EEST (UTC+3)

Internet TLD

.md

Calling code

+373